Segregation in America – What is It and Why Do We Continue to Allow It?

Segregation in America is the unequal allocation of resources, services, and opportunities based on race, gender, or ethnic lines in the U.S. In recent years, public attention has focused on the effects of racial discrimination in employment. Yet, when it comes to social welfare programs that serve the general public, racial bias continues to play a part. Segregation has resulted from the unequal distribution of governmental resources, like education and health care.

A case in point is segregation in poor minority neighborhoods. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) defines “low-income” as areas where the median income is less than fifty-five percent of the national median income level, which is about one hundred twenty thousand dollars for a family of four.

While poor minority neighborhoods may have a lot of money available for housing, they lack access to a wide variety of programs that are available to the majority of Americans. These programs range from subsidized housing to financial aid to local job training and education. HUD defines a “high-poverty” area as having thirty percent or more of its residents living below the poverty line. For children, a high-poverty neighborhood has about twenty percent of its children in a low-income household.

Segregation in poor minority neighborhoods means that people living in these neighborhoods have a significantly smaller access to these programs than other neighborhoods. The lack of opportunities, resources, and services leads to lower incomes, increased poverty rates, higher crime rates, and fewer social services. Because the majority of the population is experiencing a worsening economic situation, this situation continues to worsen.

This type of racial discrimination is especially troubling because many people living in these neighborhoods cannot afford to move out. They must stay put and suffer the effects of lower living standards and other social issues.

Another example of racial discrimination is segregation in health care. People living in low-income neighborhoods are twice as likely to be uninsured, which is linked to higher health care costs and an increased risk of hospitalization. A major contributor to this is the fact that many Americans who are uninsured do not have health insurance at all.

When it comes to schools, segregated poor neighborhoods are more likely to have low-performing schools. Children in poor communities often do not get the same educational opportunities offered by other families.

The health care system has yet to fully recognize the problems of these neighborhoods and address them. Instead, many hospitals offer inadequate treatment. Poor neighborhoods are also found to be high in crime, which contributes to the need for additional criminal justice services.

Poor neighborhoods in the United States have long been segregated, but recent court decisions have opened the door for some relief. Many of these decisions have been motivated by the rising number of crimes committed by people of color, and the number of children growing up in these neighborhoods.

Federal Housing and Urban Development (HUD) officials are now implementing plans that will help improve the lives of people in poor neighborhoods. Many of these plans involve affordable housing and employment assistance, such as employment training and education programs.

In order to implement the programs of the Obama Administration, the Department of Housing and Urban Development had to work with Congress to pass an amendment to the Fair Housing Act. The amendment states that the department cannot discriminate in any way on the basis of race or gender when awarding funding for the purchase of a home or apartment.

Unfortunately, even if it does work to protect minorities in America, it can never completely eradicate segregation in America. There are still plenty of neighborhoods where certain residents will always have higher incomes and better access to resources than others.

However, it has worked well so far to improve many aspects of society and to bring America closer together. Hopefully, the next administration will continue to do as much as it can to make sure that everyone has equal access to programs and resources. After all, the future of the United States depends on it. To live in a healthy, cohesive, and prosperous nation, we must work together to ensure that all Americans can enjoy the same opportunities and fair treatment under the law.